June 17, 2021. U.S. Supreme Court Ruling a Limited Victory for Catholic Social Services Foster Care. The Supreme Court today issued a ruling in Fulton v. City of Philadelphia. The Court unanimously found for Catholic Social Services (CSS), holding that Philadelphia had violated the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment by failing to give Catholic Social Services (CSS) an exemption from the nondiscrimination provision in city contracts, although the city's contract permitted exemptions. However, this was a limited ruling. As Shannon Minter, the Legal Director of NCLR explained, "today's decision is a significant victory for LGBTQ people. The Court ruled in favor of Catholic Social Services, but on the narrowest possible ground, based on language in the City of Philadelphia's contract that authorized individualized exemptions for any provider. The Court did not change the current constitutional framework, which permits governments to enforce anti-discrimination laws that prohibit discrimination against LGBTQ people even when doing so may have a disparate burden on those who hold certain religious beliefs." More Information.
June 2, 2021. Naomi Schafer Riley Reflects Again on "The Danger of Limiting Transracial Adoption." The debate over transracial adoption has been particularly active. We post today a second article by Naomi Schafer Riley; we posted her earlier article in May. Riley maintains that changing the Mulit-Ethnic Placement Act (MEPA) would be detrimental to the health and long term care of Black children. To read the article, please click here.
June 1, 2021. China Moves to Three Child Policy. The Chinese government announced yesterday that it will permit all married couples to have three children. This decision, taken by the Communist Party, marks a major shift from the one child policy which marked Chinese family planning strictures for decades. In 2016, China had moved to a two-child policy, with little effect on demographic statistics. In common with the United States and Western European nations, China is facing a baby bust which could have major effects on its economic and social policies. To read more, please click here.
May 25, 2021. Global Population Bust Will Change Domestic and International Policies. During the twentieth century, the world's population expanded at the highest rate in history. A combination of decreasing infant and child mortality as well as longer life spans saw population go from 1.6 billion in 1900 to 6 billion in 2000. From migration, international adoption, population control policies, government and international bodies made the "population bomb" a major policy priority. Fast forward two decades later, and everything has changed. Both China and the United States recorded the slowest growth of population on record, while countries from Japan to Italy to South Korea have seen shrinking birth rates for years. Clearly these changes will impact international adoption. To read the article, please click here.
May 19, 2021. State Department Reverses its Position on Citizenship on Children Born to Parents Through Surrogacy. The Department of State announced today that: "Children born abroad to parents, at least one of whom is a U.S. citizen and who are married to each other at the time of the birth, will be U.S. citizens from birth if they have a genetic or gestational tie to at least one of their parents and meet the INA's other requirements. Previously, the Department's interpretation and application of the INA required that children born abroad have a genetic or gestational relationship to a U.S. citizen parent." This change will apply to both heterosexual and same sex married couples. More Information.
May. 13, 2021. Out of the Vietnam Babylift, An Extra Mom and Dad. During April 197, 5 approximately 2,000 Vietnamese children in the process of being adopted by American families came to the United States. It was the last month of the Vietnam War and conditions in Vietnam were chaotic and desperate. The first Air Force cargo plane, loaded with over 200 children, mostly babies, took off on April 4 and crashed twenty minutes later. The crash killed 138 passengers, including 78 babies. One survivor was Aryn Lockhart, who was put on a different flight and adopted by a U.S. family. Aryn later connected with Regina Aune, the air force nurse who oversaw the flight. Today she considers Aune and her late husband as another set of parents. To read this story, please click here.
May 12, 2021. Adoption, Foster Care and Race, Part II. Yesterday we posted an article by Cheri Williams of Bethany Christian Service about the role of race in the foster care system. Today, we post a reply to the Bethany article, written by Naomi Schaefer Riley in favor of retaining the Multiethnic Placement Act. To access the article, please click here.
May 11, 2021. Two Views of the Role of Race in the Child Welfare System. We publish the first of two articles on the role of race in the child welfare system. Today's article is by Cheri Williams, the Vice-President of Bethany Christian Services, and Nathan Bult, urging that all best interests determinations take race into account To access the article, please click here,
May 10, 2021. The Foster Care System that Took Charge of Ma'khia Bryant. Last month Ma'Khia Bryant was killed in Columbus, Ohio. Now the New York Times has written an article about Ma'Khia's journey through the Ohio foster care system, which included five placements in two years after her biological mother was found to be negligent. To read the story, please click here.
April 26, 2021. Social Media Meets Adoption. The linked story is important for several reasons. It details the experiences of a couple which used the internet to connect with a birth mother and how that process developed. It also discusses the difficulties in contested adoption. Finally, and of importance to any families using social media, it discusses the way in which the internet can provide a platform for personal attacks on people which can move from conversation to verbal attacks, to posting the most private information. To read the story, please click here.
March 31, 2021. State Department Addresses Discrimination and Racism. We print in full the Office of Children's Issues message to adoptees: "At this moment in our history, the news is full of reporting about discrimination and racism, and social media is full of personal stories about the impact of this on individual human lives. In the past several months, there has been a spotlight on hatred and violence against Black and Asian-Americans, and we know that others have long experienced these behaviors as well. In particular, Yahoo News and NPR both published articles last week about adoptees from Asian countries and the challenges many have faced in processing and responding to this. Many of you spoke to us in November at the virtual town hall about your experiences with racism. We know the problems are systemic, and we want to convey a message of concern and support. We want to acknowledge your experience and assure you that we heard you and that we care. If you would like to tell us more about your personal experience in this regard, we will listen.
March 30, 2021. Nebraska Supreme Court Recognizes Rights of Lesbian Mothers. The Nebraska Supreme Court unanimously reversed a lower court ruling and ruled in favor of a married, same sex couple who sought to adopt the three-year-old child they had raised from birth. Dixon County Judge Douglas Luebe had refused to permit the adoption because "his law dictionary defines 'wife' as "a woman who has a lawful living husband." Furthermore, Luebe said that law's "plain ordinary language" of the law banned "wife and wife" from adopting. Adding insult to injury, Luebe added that any court that disagreed with him was an "imagination station." More Information.
March 29, 2021. Anti-Asian Violence and Asian Adoptees. This linked story discusses the reaction of Asian-American adoptees to the recent Asian-American violence. Kimberly McKee, a professor at Grand Valley State University in Michigan who specializes in Asian American and Critical Adoption studies, observes that in her experience, "If your parents applied a color-blind philosophy and said that they only see you as you, they don't see you as Asian, you may just lack the language to have certain kinds of conversations," More Information.
March 25, 2021. Senate Bill for Adoptee Citizenship Reintroduced. We are delighted to share that Senators Roy Blunt, Mazie Hirono, Lisa Collins, Amy Klobuchar, Lisa Murkowski, and Tammy Duckworth have reintroduced the Adoptee Citizenship legislation we have long sought. As we stated today: For too long thousands of American international adoptees have been denied rightful U.S. citizenship. While the Child Citizenship Act of 2000 granted automatic citizenship to most foreign-born adoptees, it failed to cover all international adoptees. We must seize this opportunity to pass the Adoptee Citizenship Act of 2021 which would give all adoptees who were lawfully brought to the United States by U.S. citizen parents the U.S. citizenship which, as the sons and daughters of American parents, they are rightfully owed.
Center for Adoption Policy (CAP)
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